ClimateWise Business Sustainability News
In 2019, Maple Leaf Foods became the world's first major carbon neutral food company. Patrick Huynh of Maple Leaf Foods will join Stephen Boles of AET Group Inc. to discuss the company's carbon management journey and its benefits.
In the second episode of our popular Getting to Net Zero webinar series, we will present the what, why, and how of carbon offsets. Space is limited and the first webinar in this series filled up fast.
For the 2020 reporting year, the Government of Ontario will accept the submission of data to the Energy and Water Reporting and Benchmarking (EWRB) initiative until October 1, 2020. This is intended to be a one-time relief extension due to COVID-19. The Benchmarking Help Centre remains open to help with Portfolio Manager questions.
Officially launched by Newmarket Mayor John Taylor, the Mayors' Energy Challenge sets up a friendly competition between York Region municipalities to aid commercial building owners in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
The Toronto Waldorf School is a private, not-for-profit independent school in Thornhill. It operates 12 months a year which includes child care, JK to grade 12 and summer camp. The building is owned by the school, has 73,000 sq feet of usable area space. It is heated electrically and uses no natural gas.
The ministry of Energy, Northern Development and Mines (ENDM) proposes to amend O.Reg. 506/18 to stop further rollout of the Energy & Water Reporting and Benchmarking (EWRB) program to buildings under 100,000 square feet. Windfall Centre recommends that the ENDM reconsider as it will impose additional cost on businesses in the long term and reduce the ability of businesses to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
ClimateWise member Compugen and Compugen Finance were one of five nominees for Green Economy Canada's inaugural award. Compugen is being recognized for reducing emissions through building retrofits and implementing a teleworking program for employees. In addition, the organization manages an innovative program that encourages businesses to trade old IT assets for carbon offsets.
Listen to a non-partisan discussion on how sustainability in the business sector may be impacted by the new Canadian parliament. Will the influence of other parties change the way the federal government delivers on green incentive programs?
The Government of Canada announced that small and medium business owners in Ontario will have the opportunity to receive federal funding to improve the sustainability of operations and their bottom lines. The program will provide $20,000 to $250,000 to offset up to 25% of the costs of qualifying projects. Applications for funding is available until Oct 15, 2019, or until funding is completely spent.
Holy Trinity School, a ClimateWise member through Faith and the Common Good's Energy Benchmarking for Faith Buildings initiative. , was presented with the Engaged Green Team award at the York Region Sustainability Awards. The school was recognized for their outstanding commitment towards sustainability, including annual waste audits and a school curriculum that emphasizes environmental stewardship.
The Town of Newmarket is located in York Region and is home to over 85,000 residents. Newmarket has consistently been named one of the Best Places to Live in Canada by MoneySense Magazine and has garnered an international reputation for being one of the country's most dynamic, diverse and desirable towns to live and work in. Newmarket is also widely considered a progressive place with a reputation for innovation, particularly in its environmental projects.
Founded in 1989, Royal Envelope is the largest privately-owned envelope manufacturer and printer in Canada. Royal Envelope is equipped to service a variety of business segments in the marketplace. They produce about 1.2 billion envelopes on an annual basis. While their head office is in Vaughan, they have operations across the country including Montreal, Calgary, Burnaby and Winnipeg.
ClimateWise released our 2018 annual report at the York Region Sustainability Awards. The report highlights how our members are taking action to transition into a low carbon economy. We are pleased to announce that 22 of our 33 members established a GHG inventory and that our members have collectively set a target of 5502 mT of CO2e emissions.
ClimateWise Business Network held the third annual York Region Sustainability Awards on May 30, 2019 at the Vaughan KPMG tower. We celebrated the achievements of our members, along with recognizing sustainability champions in the broader York Region community. Special guests included Toby Heaps, CEO of Corporate Knights and Mary Ng, Federal Minister of Small Business and Export Promotion.
MP Deb Schulte, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Natural Resources visited Windfall Centre for the launch of the Ontario Benchmarking Help Centre. The new initiative funded by Natural Resources Canada, will assist Ontario commercial building owners in lowering operating costs as they comply with Ontario's Energy and Water Reporting and Benchmark (EWRB) regulation.
Awards season is upon us and ClimateWise is recognizing members and the broader York Region community for their sustainability achievements. This year, the event will be held at the KPMG building at the Vaughan Metropolitan Centre. Toby Heaps, CEO and co-founder of Corporate Knights will deliver a keynote. Join us for an evening of awards, networking and hors d'oeurves.
ClimateWise will be celebrating local environmental champions at our Evening of Recognition on May 30, 2019. Do you know an individual in York Region who is driving sustainability within their community? Nominate them today!
ClimateWise is happy to announce that our waste reduction and diversion framework is now available for download. We received input from our partners at the Regional Municipality of York, Recycling Council of Ontario and Eco Business Network as we designed this document. Coinciding with the framework launch, ClimateWise conducted a waste audit at our Windfall offices. We have a waste diversion rate of 74%, higher than the regional average of 62%. We are setting an ambitious target to have an 85% waste diversion rate by the end of 2020!
Across Canada on October 3rd, there will be non-partisan, all-candidate debates on the environment in the lead up to election day. The debates will create a forum where voters can hear directly from candidates about their visions for the environment. The initiative is organized by GreenPAC and is supported by non-profits, citizen groups, businesses and universities. Register to attend the debate in your local or nearby riding.
Green Economy Canada is hosting their annual reception, Connect 2019, at CSI Annex in Toronto. Celebrate the businesses and Green Economy Hubs accelerating Canada's shift to a low-carbon economy, find out the winner of the inaugural Green Economy Builder Award, and hear Dr. Dianne Saxe, former Environmental Commissioner of Ontario, and Priyanka Llyod, Green Economy Canada's Executive Director, discuss the importance of engaging SMEs and creating an inclusive movement for the low-carbon transition.
Established 30 years ago with a small roadside stand; Rogue River Farms has grown to the point where they now distribute to many grocery retailers in the United States and Canada. Rouge River strives to help limit the amount of waste they produce and the water they use. Rouge River is also going to be working on reducing their CO2 emissions as well as work on continuing to reduce waste and water. Currently, they are in the process of collecting data and working towards setting a baseline for all three categories at their Ontario facility in Gormley.
Wastenot Farms provides food waste collection and composting services for GTA offices committed to environmental best practices. Clean, easy and affordable, office composting is a great way to engage employees in sustainability initiatives while improving the eco footprint of your facility. Clients benefit from quantitative impact reporting including GHG emissions reductions, while also receiving a yearly delivery of Soil Booster to use onsite or donate within the community.
ClimateWise member Lake Simcoe Region Conservation Authority (LSRCA) set an ambitious carbon emissions reduction target. The target was approved by LSRCA's board on November 30, 2018. The conservation authority's action plan outlines a 28% reduction of carbon emissions below 2016 levels in 2026, a reduction commitment of 102 tonnes.
On November 8th, ClimateWise Business Network held their second annual York Region Leaders' Sustainability Forum at the Markham Museum. The Forum brought together business professionals from across the Region to network and share perspectives on emerging sustainability trends.
Ontario is hitting the reset button on climate policy. With the old plan out and some high-profile cancellation announcements, there is some confusion about which programs and policies are continuing, changing or eliminated, the implications and opportunities, and how and when to provide input and develop new programs.
ClimateWise is pleased to introduce Vince's Market as our newest member. Established in 1929, they have since grown the brand, with four main stores renowned for their fresh produce, a full salad bar, catering options, and an extensive lineup of prepared foods, bulk items and dairy products. Recently, they opened a “micro store” at Upper Canada Mall providing a curated selection of fresh items and groceries. Their slogan, “Because food is one of life's greatest pleasures” speaks to price, quality, and the simple enjoyment food plays in our everyday lives.
ClimateWise is happy to welcome Riverside Natural Foods to the network. Riverside Natural Foods is the home of MadeGood food products. Starting as a family business with three employees 5 years ago, the company now employs over 300 people today. Riverside is a certified Bcorp Corporation, reflecting the commitment to consider people, the planet and as well as profit in every decision.
ClimateWise Business Network welcomed federal Minister of Finance, Bill Morneau, to Windfall Centre on Tuesday, October 23, 2018. The Minister discovered how ClimateWise members Compugen and Reesor's Market are taking steps to reduce their GHG emissions. Minister Morneau shared updates on Canada's climate plan.
Join us for the second annual, York Region Leaders' Sustainability Forum. The Forum brings together business leaders from across the Region to share perspectives on emerging trends and opportunities that will impact their business. Opening remarks will be presented by Dianne Saxe, Ontario's Environmental Commissioner.
On Sunday, September 16th, ClimateWise Business Network hosted an interactive seminar for faith communities. Our presenters shared their experience on how to track and reduce energy in faith buildings in a cost-effective manner. Special thanks to Holy Trinity Anglican Church, Thornhill for hosting.
Over the summer, Alectra released a sustainability report that showcases the company's unique environmental, social and economic initiatives during their first year of operations as Canada's largest municipally-owned electric utility.
Green Economy Canada is hosting their annual reception, Connect 2018 on Sept 26 at Hart House in Toronto. Join us to celebrate business leadership in sustainability, hear a panel discussion on Sustainability Across Party Lines, and meet folks working to get us to a more sustainable future.
ClimateWise member Jaffari Community Centre is making big changes to improve their sustainability and benchmark their energy use. From replacing single-use utensils to creating waste diversion videos to help teach their community members, the organization is en route to meeting their sustainability goals.
The Regional Municipality of York's anti-idling program for ambulances resulted in an annual savings of $50 000 and GHG emissions reduction of 102 tonnes per year.
Did you miss the webinar on what the Ontario election results mean for green business? Want to revisit some of the topics covered? The recording is now available on the ClimateWise YouTube channel.
ClimateWise Business Network is proud to present the 2017 annual report. The report highlights the sustainability achievements of ClimateWise members over the past year. We are excited by the diversity of member organizations demonstrating leadership through their sustainability initiatives.
There's a climate change movement happening in York Region's backyard and ClimateWise is here to help your business take action. Make the commitment and join together with 23 local businesses and over 250 businesses province wide to track, measure, and reduce your carbon emissions.
After fifteen years, there is a new party governing Ontario. Would it be business as usual under Premier Doug Ford? Join ClimateWise for a non-partisan, in-depth panel discussion on how sustainability in the business sector can be affected by the provincial election results.
Markham, a municipality of more than 350,000 residents centrally located in the Greater Toronto area. Founded in the 1790s, today Markham is Canada's most diverse community, enjoys a rich heritage, outstanding community planning and services, and a vibrant local economy. Markham has received multiple heritage and environmental awards and is working towards a citywide goal of net zero energy and emissions by 2050.
Markham Fair is one of Canada's oldest country fairs. Since 1844 the fair has been providing the community with a showcase for talents and products in a friendly competitive spirit. They strive to be a vibrant community partner in the celebration and promotion of agriculture, rural living and sustainability.
One of Canada's top IT solutions and services providers, Compugen works with mid- to large-sized organizations to help them maximize the business value of their investment in information technology. Compugen's award-winning service quality, unequaled depth and breadth of technical expertise and national footprint have made them the partner of choice for Canadian businesses and government organizations for more than 35 years.
Compugen Finance, recently registered as a B-Corporation, is a wholly owned subsidiary of Compugen Inc. and was founded in 2007. Its award-winning Green4Good program, with its innovative CarbonBank option, offers Canadian enterprises an effective way to solve end-of-life IT asset disposition challenges while generating carbon credits and donating cash and new technology to charity.
ClimateWise is pleased to welcome Reesor's Market Inc. to our network. The Reesor family has been providing fresh and local food for the region since 1804. The organization believes in environmental stewardship shown by their support for local food and sustainable packaging.
ClimateWise is happy to announce Miele Canada as our newest member. Miele is an international producer of high-end appliances and commercial equipment. For Miele, sustainability is not only entrenched in the values and traditions of the company but is also the foundation for long-term corporate success.
ClimateWise is pleased to welcome Toromont Cat to our network. Toromont Cat is your Cat dealer in Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, P.E.I., Newfoundland and Labrador and Nunavut. Toromont believes that sound environmental practices are a corporate responsibility and can also yield business and economic advantages.
ClimateWise closes out 2017 by creating a partnership with Faith & the Common Good. FCG is an interfaith organization connecting diverse faith congregations to sustainable initiatives. We will work together to assemble green teams, track energy usage and identify opportunities for emissions reductions.
ClimateWise welcomes Treefrog as our newest member. Treefrog specializes in digital marketing, including web design and development, mobile app services, social media and graphic design. ClimateWise is excited to work with the frogs at Treefrog
Join ClimateWise members HiGarden Inc, SRS Consultants and Nature Harmony at their Holiday Open House. Check out the new green showroom and learn more about the innovative Vertical Indoor Gardening and Aquaponics (VIGA) system. Hope to see you there
On November 30, ClimateWise held the first Leaders' Sustainability Forum. In attendance were many local businesses eager to discuss the Climate Change Action Plan and its implications for business in the future. Thank you to all who attended, be sure to check out our Facebook page for photos of the event.
BYD, a Chinese electric vehicle manufacturing company is opening an electric-truck assembly plant in Ontario. Described as China's Tesla, the company plans to hire 40 Canadians, with the intent to expand. BYD will focus on making short-range vehicles such as delivery and garbage trucks.
Join ClimateWise in welcoming Brain Power to the network. Brain Power provides experiential enrichment education and unique teaching methods to mentor tomorrows leaders, today. Brain Power is committed to becoming a leader in environmental sustainability through academic excellence.
ClimateWise is proud to launch the York Region Leaders Sustainability Forum. It brings together business leaders from across the Region to share perspectives on emerging trends and opportunities that will impact your business. Come out and network with local business professionals over delicious appetizers and drinks.
As a Master's student in sustainable business at the Schulich School of Business, Nicole's priority is creating business strategies that increase efficiency, reduce waste and strengthen economies. Nicole brings over seven years of experience in project management and community development to her role at ClimateWise. She will focus on research, business development and member engagement.
ClimateWise with the help of the Regional Municipality of York organized a green building tour at the Bill Fisch Centre. Special thanks to York Region's Denis Poncelet for presenting an overview of the building's green features, opportunities and challenges. Our guests initiated a great discussion through their thought-provoking questions.
Join our next webinar as we discuss the Canadian Manufacturers & Exporters SMART Green Program with Director Louise Rubletz. The program provides assistance to small-and-medium sized business through grants, to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and improve their energy efficiency.
ClimateWise is excited to welcome IC Savings as a new member. The co-operative banking organization serves 13 000 members across Ontario. IC Savings investment in environmental sustainability aligns with their philosophy of banking with a higher purpose.
Denis Poncelet, the York Region Project Engineer will provide an overview of the building's green features, opportunities and challenges including lessons learned during building construction and operations. A light breakfast and physical tour of the building will be provided.
Kirthan joins the team with a Bachelor in Environmental Studies from York University and a graduate certificate in Green Business Management from Seneca College. He is a strong believer that businesses can embrace sustainability while improving their bottom line. The team is excited to welcome his energy and expertise.
Ontario is helping businesses buy low-carbon vehicles and technologies that reduce emissions and foster sustainable development, and the province is seeking public input. This investment is part of Ontario's Climate Change Action Plan and is funded by proceeds from the province's cap on pollution and carbon market.
ClimateWise welcomes a new member: Man Brothers, a moving company specializing in corporate moving and installations. Man Brothers is passionate about environmental protection and has focused on reducing their energy use and promoting efficiency internally through best practices.
Setting a sustainability target is the first step in tracking and moving forward with your green objectives. Last week, ClimateWise hosted a workshop for our Founding Members on how to set a carbon emissions target and how to determine what a relevant target looks like for your team.
Corporate sustainability is at a crossroads, where individual organizations have driven ahead as leaders and developed a process for how to integrate sustainability into your corporate culture and decision-making, finds an eight year study from MIT Sloan Management Review and Boston Consulting Group.
The ClimateWise Business Network is pleased to introduce Harry French as the Manager, ClimateWise Business Network CBN. Our members' ability to stay competitive in a changing business climate is critical; Harry will draw from his experience to facilitate them through a target-setting process to meet this goal. His experience in convening peer learning opportunities will ensure that members have access to industry leaders and proven solutions in meeting their GHG reduction targets.
Two new Level 2 charging stations are now in service for members of the public at the City of Vaughan's Joint Operations Centre. Developed with the support of the province to expand the EV Charging network across Ontario, the province aims to put nearly 300 additional Level 2 chargers across the province within the Five Year Climate Action Plan.
ClimateWise has published it's first Annual Report celebrating the sustainability achievements of business leaders in York Region. Learn about the members of the ClimateWise Business Network, the incredible potential of York Region as a sustainability leader and read how ClimateWise members are building a sustainability movement across Ontario.
ClimateWise is hiring a Marketing and Sales Coordinator to focus on growing and retaining the membership of the network. The position will focus on engaging members, developing and executing sales strategies and implementing marketing strategies to build awareness within the community.
ClimateWise Business Network's first Annual Evening of Recognition was a fantastic success, with members and supporters of ClimateWise, as well as community leaders in business sustainability, coming out to celebrate the achievements and growth of the network since the network's launch in 2016. Thank you to keynote speaker David Miller and Platinum Event Sponsor KPMG for their support.
MPP Chris Ballard was at Windfall Centre to talk about Ontario's Action Plan for Climate change and to recognize the great work ClimateWise Business Network is doing. ClimateWise has engaged almost 6500 members of the York Region business community in reducing their carbon emissions so far.
ClimateWise Business Network, in partnership with the IESO and Energy@Work, is hosting a workshop on Global Adjustment (GA) to address the charge on your electricity bill. Join us for an improved understanding of GA and the steps you need to take before the June 15th deadline.
Windfall Centre is hiring a Community Projects Assistant on a summer contract to provide a wide variety of support in event planning, business development and marketing efforts for the ClimateWise Business Network. A passion for environmentalism, excellent communication skills and strong organizational skills are required.
The ClimateWise Business Network is hiring a Program Manager to oversee the operations and development of the program. Duties involve coaching members with sustainability projects, managing program staff and championing sustainability within the business community in York Region. Salary commensurate with experience.
Join us as we showcase and celebrate sustainability leadership at our first annual Evening of Recognition. We're thrilled to announce our special evening will be held at the brand new Electric Vehicle Discovery Centre in North York with keynote speaker David Miller, President and CEO of WWF-Canada. Come for networking, test drive new electric vehicles and celebrate sustainability leadership across York Region.
ClimateWise Business Network, in partnership with Enbridge and the City of Vaughan, hosted a lunch seminar at Vaughan City Hall on Tuesday, March 28th about funding sources available to subsidize the cost of energy efficiency projects. The sold-out event featured speakers from Enbridge and Alectra, and was well attended by members of the York Region business community.
York Region Transit will be piloting an electric bus program in partnership with the Town of Newmarket-Tay Power Distribution and the CUTRIC to bring six electric buses and one electric charging station to the Newmarket bus terminal. This program aims to conserve energy and reduce emissions by electrifying the municipal transit fleet.
ClimateWise has published two blogs on our ongoing series about how SMEs can overcome barriers to entry for sustainability projects. Read how to find funding support, shrink project payback periods and overcome a lack of staff time or resources by reading the series today.
CME hosted an information session in Markham on Thursday, March 9th about the new CME SMART Green Funding program available to manufacturers for capital projects that improve energy efficiency. ClimateWise was invited as a special guest to speak about the benefits of sustainability to York Region manufacturers.
ClimateWise Business Network welcomes three new members: SRS Consultants, HiGarden Inc. and Nature Harmony. As members of the professional services and environmental industry, our members are leading the sustainability movement in York Region and join a growing network of business leaders realizing the benefits of going green.
The ClimateWise Business Network is publishing a series of blogs addressing the barriers to entry for sustainability projects experienced by SMEs, the support that exists to implement and monitor projects and the benefits and returns typically seen when projects are completed.
Learn about the new CME SMART Green funding program for Ontario manufacturers at this free breakfast event exploring who can apply for funding, what types of projects are eligible and how to apply. ClimateWise has been invited as a special guest and will be presenting a case study on how manufacturers can benefit from sustainability.
New funding is available to subsidize the cost of energy efficiency projects. This event will help business owners and financial managers understand the business case for energy efficiency and sustainability, and learn how to fund their projects.
Executives are often reluctant to place sustainability core to their company's business strategy in the mistaken belief that the costs outweigh the benefits. On the contrary, academic research and business experience point to quite the opposite.
Canadian Property Management Magazine has published an article about ClimateWise. The article discusses target setting in corporate sustainability, the role of the BEEP and how ClimateWise is helping businesses in York Region.
Learn how building owners and managers can optimize their facility's energy performance and see how EBCx and energy audits can drive deeper savings in your facilities from guest speakers Scott Rouse, Michel Parent and Curtis Leishman.
ClimateWise is seeking a business development research volunteer to provide support on industry-targeted outreach campaigns and market research efforts. Must be a post-secondary student passionate about sustainability issues.
A 2016 report from global management consulting firm McKinsey & Company expects the consumer goods market to grow annually for the next 10 to 15 years. Though the strong growth projection is great news — the report singles out that a lack of supply chain sustainability could slow a company's growth and diminish profits.
ClimateWise Business Network is hosting a webinar on Assessing Your Facility's Energy Performance. On Wednesday December 14th at 10:am, learn from Energy@Work, Technosim and PowerStream how Existing Building Commissioning (ECBx) and energy audits can drive deeper cost savings in your facilities.
ClimateWise Business Network has published a white paper that serves as a guide on how organizations can maximize their green marketing. The paper outlines common pitfalls and key principles in marketing sustainability accomplishments to consumers and businesses alike.
ClimateWise has published a new white paper on the Value of Green Buildings. The paper discusses how commercial and residential buildings can increase tenant engagement, improve energy efficiency and how asset value increases with sustainability investments and labelling initiatives, such as LEED certification.
The IESO has updated the requirements of the ECB program to include funding of up to $100,000 for the development and implementation of a Community Energy Plan. New requirements that increase accessibility and revise program offerings can be found on the IESO website.
We've added a new Resource section to our website. This is where you will find helpful resources such as ClimateWise white papers and case studies. Check this section often as we will be continually adding new resources to help you set and meet in your emissions reduction targets.
Ontario's Cap and Trade legislation comes into effect in January 2017. ClimateWise is hosting a free webinar that will provide an overview of the legislation and a discussion of it's impacts on Ontario business. The webinar will include guest speakers and examples of businesses using carbon pricing to their advantage.
ClimateWise has published a white paper on the York Region Business Energy and Emissions Profile (BEEP). The white paper outlines the value of municipal-level data and clearly explains how businesses and communities within York Region can use the publicly-accessible BEEP.
There are all kinds of examples of businesses big and small that are actually beginning to understand that sustainability practices in their business is good business because they've learned it improves their bottom line and it has an impact on employee retention and recruitment and overall brand and imaging.
Unfortunately, many in business and other organizations find the prospect of carrying out carbon measuring and reporting to be a rather daunting task. The cost of a premium carbon accounting program can seem prohibitive and the learning-curve and expense of hiring consultants beyond their means.
Canada will impose a carbon price on provinces that do not adequately regulate emissions by themselves, Environment Minister Catherine McKenna stated.
The York Region Business Energy and Emissions Profile (BEEP) is a study of greenhouse gas emissions generated by York Region businesses. The study was commissioned by the Windfall Ecology Centre to gain insight and to engage businesses in improving profitability through emissions reduction.
All organizations that support Windfall Centre/ClimateWise with at least $10,000 of initial project funding will forever be identified as Founding Members. We're gearing-up for our September Launch so this is a great time to get in on the ground floor with some additional Founding Member benefits.
Please mark September 20, 4:pm to 7:pm in your calendar and be our guest as we officially launch the ClimateWise Business Network. There will be a Key Note speaker, great food, networking, and a showcase of our Founding Partners and first members. Stay tuned for more event news.
We thank the Ontario Trillium Foundation for providing start-up funding for our regional initiative supporting our business community in taking deliberate actions to benefit the environment.
Well, not really. We are still engaged in consultations regarding the target setting framework...your comments are welcome.
Sustainability CoLab (now Green Economy Canada) was announced as a recipient of the Ministers Award for Environmental Excellence for 2015, the supporting programs in CoLab Network that are helping businesses reduce their environmental impacts and building the low-carbon economy.
The province of Ontario continues to put its new Climate Change Strategy into action by investing $1 million from the Green Investment Fund in Kitchener's Sustainability CoLab Network (now Green Economy Canada).
With this investment, CoLab will fund local environmental organizations in their network to help businesses undertake initiatives such as introducing energy-efficiency measures and completing energy retrofits and building audits. Sustainability CoLab expects to help program participants reduce about 50,000 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions by the end of 2017.